falls prevention

Falls Risk Assessment

In Australia, falls-related injuries result in the hospitalisation of tens of thousands of older people each year and many hundreds of deaths. In the hospital setting, falls are a frequent reason for extended lengths of stay and often result in adverse consequences and complications. One in three Australians over the age of 65 experiences a fall each year with 10 percent of these falls resulting in injury. This can result in the individual’s loss of independence from an injury or fear of falling. Common falls-related injuries include: hip and wrist fractures; head injuries, shoulder dislocations; abrasions, bruising, and loss of confidence.

Falls have a major impact on the health and wellness of our community. There are a number of factors that contribute to an individual’s risk of falling including issues with balance, vision and changes in health.

Many older adults do not know that prescription drugs can increase their risk of falling

  • Common side effects:
    Dizziness, light headedness, nausea
    Fatigue weakness Fatigue, weakness
    Some can effect electrolyte balance

Nursing Home Falls “Rubestein 2002, Ray 2005 4”

  • 1.6 Falls per resident bed per year
  • 2 – 3 times greater than the community
  • 50% of all nursing home residents fall each year
  • History of falls in the last 6-months is a risk factor for future falls.
  • Major liability concerns